Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub native to East Asia. After water, it is the most widely consumed drink in the world. Meet the most common types of tea!
The History of Tea
Tea drinking in China has its earliest references in connection to the mythical emperor Shennong, who is regarded as the father of Chinese medicine and agriculture. Shennnong is said to have tasted hundreds of wild herbs, including tea leaves, to ascertain their medicinal value. According to this legend, the discovery of tea dates back to around 2700 B.C., the era in which Shennong is said to have lived. During the late Western Han dynasty (1st century B.C.), The Divine Farmer's Herb-Root Classic, a book attributed to Shennong, includes a reference about tea. This suggests that even at this early point in history much knowledge about tea had already been accumulated. In 59 B.C., Wang Bao, of Sichuan Province, wrote the first known book providing instructions on buying and preparing tea - entitled A Contract with a Servant - establishing that tea was not only an important part of diet but that it was a commonly traded commodity at this time. This book is said to be the first written reference to tea utensils. At the time, tea drinking was still a luxury enjoyed by the elite classes of Chinese society. During the Tang dynasty (around 760), writer Lu Yu wrote Cha Jing (The Classic of Tea), an early work on the subject. The book's opening passage is about tea's origins in the south, showing that this has been a long-held theory.
Tea is the most popular drink in the world right after water, but each one is different!
You can find more than 1,500 types of tea in the world. All of them are covered under for main categories: green tea / black tea / white tea / oolong.
In this amount are not included different infusions called herbal tea.
Around the world people are drinking tea in own way.
Masala is a tea popular in India with a mixture of spices and herbs, with milk in UK, Cay tea with sugar in Turkey, Tibetan Butter Tea (Po Cha), Mint tea in Marocco, with condense milk in Hong Kong, Bubble tea from Taiwan, Cha yen (milk tea with ice) in Tailand, black tea with cardamom and saffron in Kuwait.
During the 17th century, drinking tea became fashionable among Britons, who started large-scale production and commercialization of the plant in India.
Combined, China and India supplied 62% of the world's tea in 2016.
In Eastern European countries (Russia, Poland and Hungary) and in Italy, tea is commonly served with lemon juice.
In Poland, tea with milk is called a bawarka ("Bavarian style"), and is often drunk by pregnant and nursing women. In Australia, tea with milk is white tea.
In many regions of the world, however, actively boiling water is used and the tea is often stewed.
Each type of preparation needs own equpments and accessories. We can find teapots, special kettles, glasses, infusers, whisks and other.
Samovar is a heated metal container traditionally used to heat and boil water in Russia. Additionally, the samovar is well known outside of Russia and spread through the Russian culture to Eastern Europe, South-Eastern Europe, Iran, Afghanistan, Kashmir, the Middle East, Vietnam, and is meanwhile also known in some parts of Central Europe. Since the heated water is typically used to make tea, many samovars have a ring-shaped attachment (Russian: конфорка, konforka) around the chimney to hold and heat a teapot filled with tea concentrate.